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State and Local RevenueEdit
Using property tax as the primary source of funding usually favors wealthy districts. California has limits on property tax increases which thereby limit school spending.
Commonly used for education as well, but considered regressive by many
Bond Issues for capital projectsEdit
Issue discussion: State and local revenue sourcesEdit
Per student, Avg Daily Attendance, etc.Edit
Issue discussion: Federal funding of educationEdit
Redistribution of FundsEdit
Over the past 30 years, most states have faced legal challenges to their existing funding structures. The usual argument faced is that it costs more to educate some students than it does to educate others, so equal distribution of funding is not actually equal. The Education Commission of the States provides an excellent summary of the issue and the cases here.
Robin Hood lawsEdit
States such as Texas have had Robin Hood laws which equalize spending across districts by effectively placing a "tax" on wealthy districts in effect as in Texas.